What is Diabetes?

Diabetes Mellitus (aka Diabetes),  is a condition which causes high sugar levels in your blood. There are two types, Type 1 and Type 2.

Type 1 diabetes is less common, normally affecting younger people. It is when your pancreas stops producing insulin (the hormone needed to break down sugar) altogether, with the illness itself developing very quickly (over days/ weeks).

With type 2 diabetes, the symptoms progress gradually,  affecting people mainly from the age of 40. You usually develop this form of diabetes when your body isn’t making enough insulin. This happens for a variety of reasons, including age, ethnicity, obesity and family history.


The main symptoms are:

  • Being thirsty a lot of the time

  • Passing large amounts of urine

  • Tiredness

  • Weight loss

As type 2 diabetes develops slowly, you may get used to being thirsty and tired a lot of the time, and so you may not even realise that you are developing the illness. Please refer to the links opposite for detailed information about this disease.